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A phenomenological study on the meaning of presence of elderly participants in an exercise-music program
Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 2020;9:295-301
Published online December 30, 2020
© 2020 Korean Academy of Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science.

Kyungsun Kima , Hyeoncheol Jeongb

aDepartment of Nursing, Kyungbuk College, Yeongju, Republic of Korea
bDepartment of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Correspondence to: Hyeoncheol Jeong (ORCID
Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, 815 Hwarang-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01795, Republic of Korea
Tel: 82-2-3399-1592 Fax: 82-2-3399-1593 E-mail:
Received December 2, 2020; Revised December 29, 2020; Accepted December 29, 2020.
cc This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objective: The reason why it is important to look at the benefits of exercise-music experience perceived by the elderly is that the satisfaction of life in old age is a meaningful reflection of the subjective perception of the life of the elderly. This is because it must be understood as the center.
Design: A qualitative study.
Methods: Participants are senior citizens attending senior citizens’ college located in Eumseong city. Those who have taken an exercise-music song program for at least one semester served as the participants. Individual interviews were conducted by selecting 10 people through purposeful sampling. The collected data were analyzed by applying Colaizzi’s method among phenomenological methods. The exercise-music program was conducted for 12 weeks, for a total of 50 minutes for each time (10 minutes for introduction, 35 minutes for music, 5 minutes for finishing).
Results: As a result of the study, the experience of the exercise-music program was derived into 6 categories and 13 subjects. These 6 main categories are ‘Changes from the developmental crisis’, ‘Freedom from the confines of others’, ‘Positive emotions found through songs’, ‘Feeling of peer and fellowship relationships’, ‘Changes in self-awareness’, It appeared as a ‘Change in the way of life’.
Conclusions: In conclusion, the experience of the exercise-music program brought about a positive changes in life of doing one’s best by improving confidence and confirming presence. Therefore, this study suggests activation of senior college programs to find a sense of presence for each level by using exercise-music programs with good accessibility.
Keywords : Aged, Exercise, Music therapy, Qualitative research


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